Zinc oxide is one of the most popular and well-known substances, which has long been widely used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.
According to the chemical formula, zinc oxide is a compound of zinc with oxygen. The substance is absolutely safe for health in external use. It has a intense anti-inflammatory effect, also has an astriction, antiseptic, drying and adsorbing effects.
Zinc oxide is very frequently used as a basis for the production of drugs for external use and cosmetics, including - children's products. It is very well suited for the care of sensitive skin, protects the skin from ultraviolet radiation, removes odour.
Zinc oxide is involved in many metabolic cellular processes of the skin (reparation and regeneration), restores damaged cell tissues and provides narrowing of skin pores. Due to its absorbability – in other words the ability to soak up a liquid, zinc oxide has a drying effect, as well as promotes the suppression of harmful microorganisms. Ointments and creams, which include zinc oxide, help to keep the wound dry and clean. In addition, the substance has a slight tightening effect.
In case of contact with damaged skin, zinc oxide helps to lower tissue inflammation, while forming a protective barrier from the action of irritating factors.
In modern medical practice, the zinc oxide is most widely used during exacerbation of various skin diseases accompanied with oozing lesion of eczema, atopic dermatitis (neurodermatitis), allergic contact dermatitis, pyodermatitis, trophic ulcers, erysipelatous inflammation, intertrigos, miliaria, streptoderma, etc.
It is not until the 19th century, when the scientific world learned about an organic compound called urea, when it was extracted in a form of white crystals, reminding by its appearance the white sault. Later, the scientists defined a role of this compound in human’s body and discovered its useful properties. Ever since, the urea has taken an important place in cosmetology and medicine.
So what is a natural naphtalan? It is a thick black-brown or brown liquid with a specific smell, which in its appearance is not very different to other types of earth oils.
Naphtalan has a complicated chemical constitution. It contains:
- Cyclic saturated naphtenic hydrocarbons, which are highly different from other earth oils’ naphtenic hydrocarbons and contain cyclopentaneperhydrophenantrenes chain, which is also present in cholesterol, choleic acids, reproductive hormones, vitamin D and other biologically active substances;
- Aromatic hydrocarbons, including benzol compounds.
Triclosan is powerful antibacterial component with an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect. Triclosan influences both - gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, effectively destroys mold fungi, and has anti- inflammatory properties.
The birthplaces of naphtalan are small wells, located near Baku – the capital of Azerbaidzhan. Due to its origin, it was named – the blood of the Earth. Later on, a city called Naphtalan was based there.
Back in 13th century a traveller Marco Polo mentioned in his notes a healing dark oil, found on this territory. Merchants often came to this region, in order to take an advantage of the oil’s healing power. They took it and brought it home, and later on, started selling it.