Zinc oxide is one of the most popular and well-known substances, which has long been widely used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.
According to the chemical formula, zinc oxide is a compound of zinc with oxygen. The substance is absolutely safe for health in external use. It has a intense anti-inflammatory effect, also has an astriction, antiseptic, drying and adsorbing effects.
Zinc oxide is very frequently used as a basis for the production of drugs for external use and cosmetics, including - children's products. It is very well suited for the care of sensitive skin, protects the skin from ultraviolet radiation, removes odour.
Zinc oxide is involved in many metabolic cellular processes of the skin (reparation and regeneration), restores damaged cell tissues and provides narrowing of skin pores. Due to its absorbability – in other words the ability to soak up a liquid, zinc oxide has a drying effect, as well as promotes the suppression of harmful microorganisms. Ointments and creams, which include zinc oxide, help to keep the wound dry and clean. In addition, the substance has a slight tightening effect.
In case of contact with damaged skin, zinc oxide helps to lower tissue inflammation, while forming a protective barrier from the action of irritating factors.
In modern medical practice, the zinc oxide is most widely used during exacerbation of various skin diseases accompanied with oozing lesion of eczema, atopic dermatitis (neurodermatitis), allergic contact dermatitis, pyodermatitis, trophic ulcers, erysipelatous inflammation, intertrigos, miliaria, streptoderma, etc.
So what is a natural naphtalan? It is a thick black-brown or brown liquid with a specific smell, which in its appearance is not very different to other types of earth oils.
Naphtalan has a complicated chemical constitution. It contains:
- Cyclic saturated naphtenic hydrocarbons, which are highly different from other earth oils’ naphtenic hydrocarbons and contain cyclopentaneperhydrophenantrenes chain, which is also present in cholesterol, choleic acids, reproductive hormones, vitamin D and other biologically active substances;
- Aromatic hydrocarbons, including benzol compounds.
D-panthenol component is a synthetic analogy of vitamin B, which is often called as “the beauty vitamin”. It has two forms: a clear fluid or microcrystallitic white powder. D-panthenol is easily dissolves in water and spirit. It is stable under the exposure to light and air, but becomes unstable when heated above 50 degrees. Mainly used as a moisturizing component in cosmetology. D-panthenol has a high penetrating property, so it will “work” in deeper skin layers, compared to the other components of a cosmetic product.
Triclosan is powerful antibacterial component with an antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect. Triclosan influences both - gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, effectively destroys mold fungi, and has anti- inflammatory properties.